Legal Aid Act, 2012

Number of Act: 
Date of assent: 
10 May 2012
In force: 


The Legal Aid Act, 2012

Being   an   Act to provide for the establishment of the Legal Aid Board, to provide accessible, affordable, credible and   sustainable legal aid services to indigent persons and for other related matters.


ENACTED   by the   President and Members of Parliament in this present Parliament assembled.




l. Interpretation.


2      Establishment of Board

3      Common seal.

4      Composition of Board.

5      Tenure of office of members of Board

6      Meetings of Board

7      Immunity

8      Disclosure of interest


9      Functions of Board

10     Powers of Board

11    Independence of Board                                                                                                                                                         


12    Secretariat

13    Director of Secretariat

14    Other staff of Board


15    Funds of Board

16    Accounts and other records

17    Accounts and audit

18    Financial year

19    Annual   report  


20    Qualification for legal aid

21    Determination of indigence

22    Application for legal aid

23    Issue of certificate

24    Cancellation of certificate

25    Furnishing of false information

26    Refusal of legal representation

27    Re-application

28    Establishment of Appeals Panel

29    Emergency legal representation

30    Accreditation of legal aid providers

31    Records

32    Monitoring and evaluation of legal representation

33     Board to enter into cooperation agreements

34    Recovery of costs and benefits


35    Duties of Magistrates, police officers etc.

36    Rules for provision of legal aid not funded by Board.

37    Offences

38    Confidentiality

39    Submission of returns

40    Regulations



1. In this Act unless the context otherwise requires

"Accredited civil society organization" means a civil society organization that has been accredited by the Board to provide legal aid;

"Accredited   non-governmental organization" means a Non-governmental   organization accredited by the Board to provide legal aid;

"Accredited paralegal" means a person employed by the Board, a government department, an accredited civil society organization or a non-governmental organization and who has completed a training course in the relevant field of study at the Judicial and Legal Training Institute or an educational institution by the  board;                                                                                                                                                                                                      

"Accredited university law clinic" means a university law clinic accredited by the Board to provide legal aid;

"Appeals Panel" means the Appeals Panel established by section 28;

"Bar Association" means the Sierra Leone Bar   Association;

"Board" means the Legal Aid Board established by Section   2;

"Cooperation agreement" means a 'written agreement entered in to between a legal aid provider the Board;

"Chairman" means the Chairman of the Board;

"Director” means   the Director appointed under   section 13;

"General Legal Council”   means   the General Legal  Council established   by   the Legal   Practitioner Act   2000.  

“Indigent" means a person who can not   afford to pay for legal services;

"Legal advice and assistance" means providing information in both criminal and civil  cases about-it the relevant law and legal processes, assistance with the relevant law and legal processes, assisting with alternative dispute resolution, advising on  Iegal issues, assisting with the drafting of document other than instruments prohibited under section 24 of the legal PractitionersAct,2000,referring matters of practitioners and doing. Other   things that do not constitute   legal representation;

“Legal aid" means the provision of I Legal advice, assistance or representation to indigent persons

"Legal aid -practitioner" means a legal practitioner employed by the Board, a legal   practitioner in private practice accredited by the Board a legal practitioner employed by an accredited civil society, non-governmental organization or university law clinic to provide legal aid;

“Legal aid provider" means a legal practitioner civil society organization, non-governmental organization university law clinic or paralegal accredited to provide legal aid;

“Legal practitioner” means a person who has been admitted and enrolled to practice law as a barrister and solicitor under the Legal Practitioners Act 2000

"Legal representation" means a representation in court by a legal practitioner or pupil barrister;

"Legally-aided person" means a person who has been granted legal aid under this Act;

"Minister" means the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice;

"Pupil barrister" means a person serving a period pupil age under section 20 of the Legal Practitioners Act 2000;

"University law clinic" mean a law clinic attached to a University in Sierra Leone, the Sierra Leone Law School or other institution approved by the Board in which law students provide free legal advice and assistance to indigent persons under the supervision of a legal practitioner.


2. (1) There is hereby established a body to be known as the Establishment Legal Aid Board.   

  (2) The Board shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and capable of acquiring, holding and   disposing of any property, whether movable or  immovable, and of suing and being 'sued in its corporate name, and subject to this Act, of performing all acts that bodies corporate may by law perform.

 3. (1) The Board shall have a common seal the use of which, Shall be authenticated by the signatures of the Chairman or other seal  member of the Board generally  or specifically authorized by the Board for that purpose.

(2) Every document purporting to be an instrument executed or issued by or on behalf of the Board and to be sealed with the common seal of the Board and authenticated in the manner stated in subsection (1) shall be deemed to be so executed or issued without further proof unless the contrary is proved.

4. The Board shall consist of the following members:  

(a) a chairman who is judge of the Superior Court of Judicature recommended by the Chief Justice and appointed by the President subject to the approval of  Parliament;


(b) a representative of the Law Officers Department not below the rank of Principal State Counsel;.                     

(c) a representative of the Ministry responsible for social welfare not below the rank of Deputy Director;                               

            (d) a representative of the Bar Association of not less than five years standing at the Bar ;  

             (e) a representative of the Department of Law Fourah Bay College;  

            (f) a representative of  the  council  of Chiefs ;

(g) One representative each from civil society and non-governmental organizations having experience, knowledge and expertise onissues relating to legal aid;

(h)a representative of the Inter-Religious Council; and

(i)  The chairman of the Local Government Association.

5          (1).Members of the Board shall hold office for a term of   three years: and shall be eligible for appointment for another term   only.

(2).A person shall cease to be a member of the Board on any of   the following   grounds:.

                         (a) If his term of office expires;

                         (b) If he resigns his office by written notice to the President;

                        (c) If he is convicted of an offence involving fraud or dishonesty;

                         (d) IF he is declared bankrupt;

(e) For his inability to perform the functions of his office by reason of infirmity of mind or body;

                         (F) For proven misconduct.

(3) Where a vacancy occurs in the membership of the Board, the President or the appropriate body shall  appoint a replacement who shall hold office for the remainder of the term of the person replaced and shall, subject to this Act, be eligible for reappointment.

6.         (1) The Board shall meet for the dispatch of its business   of at least once every three months at Such times and places as the .Chairman  may determine

(2) A special meeting of the Board shall be summoned by the Chairman at the written request of not less than one-third of the members of the Board:

(3) The Chairman shall preside at meetings of the Board and in his   absence   a member elected by the members from among   their   number shall preside.

(4) Each member shall have one vote but where their   is equality of votes the Chairman or other member have a casting vote

(5) The   quorum   for a meeting of t he Board shall be five.

(6) The Board may co-opt any person to attend and participate in its deliberations on any matter but the person shall not vote on any matter for decision by the Board.

(7) Subject to this Act, the Board shall regulate the procedure for its meetings.



7. Members of the Board and its employees shall have immunity from civil claims where they have acted in good faith during the performance of their functions under this Act.

8. Where a member of the Board has an interest in a matter to be decided by the Board, that member shall disclose the interest to the Board, and the Board shall determine whether the member shall take part in the deliberation concerning that matter.


9.         (1)  The object for which the Board is established is to provide, administer, coordinating and monitor the  provision of legal aid in civil and criminal matters.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of     subsection   (1) it shall be the function of the   Agency   to

 (a)Provide   legal   aid;                                                                                                                                                                     

(b) Accredit persons or bodies to provide legal aid;

(C) Determine the types of persons and cases for which legal aid may be granted.    

(d) Determine the circumstances in which contributions towards legal aid shall be paid by legally-aided persons and how the contributions shall be calculated;                                                                                                                                                                                                     

(e) Enter into cooperation agreements with legal practitioners, civil society and nongovernmental organizations university law clinics or law departments;

(f) Compile and publish information about the functions of the board and other legal aid may be granted

(g) Cooperate with other bodies as it may determine for   achieving its object;                                                                        

(h) Carry out other activities conducive to the attainment of the object of the Board;

(i) Undertaken research into al aspects of legal aid.

 (3) The Board shall, in performing its functions establish offices in places that it may determine.

10. The Board shall have power to do all things necessary to Provide legal aid in accordance with its functions under this Act including-

(a) Granting legal aid with or without conditions or varying, withdrawing or revoking the legal aid;

(b) Contracting legal aid work to legal aid I 1 practitioners in private practice on such terms and conditions as the Board may consider appropriate;                                                                                                                                                

(c) Entering into co-operation agreements withlegal aid providers;

(d) Establishing mechanisms for the effective administration, coordination and evaluation of legal aid;

(e) Undertaking inquiries or investigations which the Board considers expedient in order to discharge its functions

(f) Disseminating information regarding the national legal aid scheme;

(g) Requesting assistance of the ministry responsible for justice, public and private and other bodies as may be necessary for carrying out its functions.

11   The board shall not be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority in the performance of it section.


12   The board shall have a secretariat which shall provide administrative, secretarial and other assistance to the board.

13        (1)  The board shall appoint a Director who shall be the head of the secretariat. 

             (2)  The Director shall be a legal practitioner qualified to hold office as a judge of the superior court of judicature and having considerable experience in management and administration.

(3) The director shall be responsible to the board for-

                          (a)  The day to day administration to the board;

(b) The arrangement of business and the recording and keeping of   the minutes of the meetings of the board.

                         (c) Implementing the directives and policies of the board; and

                        (d) Performing other functions as the board may assign to him.     

(4)     The director shall attend all meetings and deliberations of the board but shall not be entitled   to vote.

   14   (1)   The   board   shall appoint such other staff as it may require for the effective discharge of its functions.

(2)  Without prejudice to subsection (1), the board shall appoint at least one paralegal to  each chiefdom-

(a)   To provide advice, legal assistance and legal education to the Paramount Chief   and the inhabitants of the Chiefdom;

(b) Where appropriate to assist in diverting certain cases to the formal justice system

15. (1)   The activities of the Board shall be financed by a Funds consisting of-Board.

(a) Monies appropriated by Parliament for the purposes of the Board;

                                     (b) Monies generated by the Board in the course of its activities; and

                                     (c) Grants, donations, bequests or other contributions made to the Board. .


(2) The funds of the board shall be managed by the public Budgeting   and Accountability Act 2005.



16   The Board shall keep proper books of accounts and proper records in relating to the account and in a form approved   by the Auditor-General.


17        (1)  The books and account of the board for each financial year shall be audited by the Auditor-General.


(2)   The Auditor-General may, in addition to any accounts under subsection (1), at any time, audit   the accounts and the records in relation to the accounts of the Board.


(3) The Auditor-General shall submit to the Board a report of the audit carried out by him.



18 The financial year of the board shall be the same as the financial   year of the Governments.



19         (1) The boards shall, as soon as practicable, after the end of each financial year, but within six month after  that, submit to the minister an annual report dealing generally  with the activities and operations of the board  within  the financial year and report submitted by the Auditor-General.


(2) The minister shall, within one month after receiving the report lay .it before Parliament together with any comments on the report that he may make.


20. (1) Where the interest of justice so requires, an indigent who is arrested ,detained or accused of a crime shall, subject to this  Act, have access to


                         (a) Legal advice and assistance;

(b) Legal representation, where the indigent's application for legal representation has been approved by the  Board from the moment of his arrest until the final determination of the matter and subject to section 28, the appellate process.

(2) Where the interest of justice so requires, an indigent who wishes to bring or defend a civil matter shall have access to

                                     (a) Legal advice and assistance;

(b) Legal representation, where the indigent's application for legal representation has been approved by the board.

21(1)   The board shall prescribe the level of income which qualifies a person as indigents.

22   A person who wishes to apply for legal aid shall complete the application form.

23        (1) The board shall grant an application for legal aid where its is satisfied that the applicant qualifies for it.

(2)  Where the board grants an application, it shall issue a legal aid certificate in the prescribe form to the applicant.

24.       (1) Where a legally-aided person after being granted a lega1 aid certificate fails to meet the prescribed criteria, the Board   may cancel the legal aid certificate.  


(2) Prior to the cancellation of a certificate, the Board shall give the legally-aided person notice in writing of its intention to do so, specifying the grounds on which the Board considers the certificate ought to be cancelled,

(3) A legally-aided person who is given notice under subsection (2) may within fourteen days of receipt of the notice, submit to the Board a written statement of objection to the cancellation.

(4) The Board shall notify the legally-aided person of its decision within seven days of receipt of the statement of objection.

25. A person who knowingly makes a false statement in the of application form referred to in section 22, commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding two million Leones  or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year .  

26. An application for legal aid representation may be refused refusal  if-






the application form for legal aid has not



been properly completed by the applicant or







the applicant has knowingly included false



information in the application form and the



In come and assets declaration. ; or



the applicant is not eligible for legal aid under  this Act.

27    A legally-aided person who wishes to appeal against his conviction or a judgment shall. re-apply for renewal of the certificate.

28         (1) There is hereby established an Panel for the purpose of hearing appeals against decisions o the Board made under   sections 24 and 26.

(2) The Appeals Panel shall consist of the following members:

(a) a chairman who is a Judge of the Court of Appeal or qualified t() sit as a Judge of the Court of Appeal nominated by the Chief Justice;

(b) The Chief Social Welfare Officer or his representative not below the rank of Deputy Secretary;


(c) A retired public officer nominated by the Public Service Commission; and


(d) Two representatives of civil society organizations accredited to provide legal aid one of whom shall be a woman.


(3) The quorum for a sitting of the Appeals Panel shall be three and the Chairman shall, on a matter for decision by the Panel have a casting vote in the event of the equality of votes.


(4) Members of the Appeals Panel shall hold office for three years and may be re-appointed.

(5) An applicant who is aggrieved by a decision of the Board under sections 24 and 26 may within fourteen days of the notice of the decision, appeal in writing to the Appeals Panel against the decision.

(6) The Appeals Panel shall determine the appeal within ten days after receipt of the appeal.

                  (7)The decision of the Appeals Panel shall be final.


            (8)The Board shall be bound by a decision of the Appeals Panel.


(9) The Appeals Panel shall regulate its own proceedings.

29. The Board shall arrange for the provision of emergency legal representation for persons who appear to be indigent.

30. (1) The Board shall subject to subsection (2) and for the purpose of providing legal aid accredit

(a)  Legal practitioners;

(b) Civil society organizations;

(c) university law clinics;

 (d) Paralegals; and

(e) Non-governmental organisations.

(2) The Board shall accredit university law clinics or paralegals only if in the case of


(a) University law clinics, that are affiliated with the Judicial and Legal Training Institute; or

(b) Paralegals, that have been certified as having gone through the appropriate courses at the Judicial and Legal Training Institute or any other appropriate institution approved by the Board.


31Legal aid providers shall keep proper records of their activities on behalf of their clients as determined by the board and submit quarterly reports of the activities to the board.


32        (1) The board shall monitor and evaluate the quality of legal representation in legal aid cases in accordance with the prescribed procedures.

(2) Where the results of monitoring and evaluation conducted under subsection (I) indicate that a legal aid practitioner or pupil barrister has been guilty of unprofessional conduct the Board shall refer the information to the General Legal Council for appropriate disciplinary action.

33.        (I) The Board may enter into cooperation agreements with legal aid providers, for the implementation of this Act.

(2) Where a legal aid provider fails to meet its obligations under a cooperation agreement the Board may after giving three months notice in writing to rectify the anomaly terminate the agreement.


(3) On the termination of a cooperation agreement the legal aid provider concerned shall cease to offer legal aid under this Act.


(4) The Board may review its decision in subsection (2) on good cause shown.

34. (1) Where the Board has assisted a successful legally aided person who has been awarded costs against an unsuccessful litigant, the legally-aided person is deemed to have ceded ninety percent of the costs to the Board.

(2) Where the Board has "assisted a successful legally aided person in a civil claim for damages and the successful legally aided person has received payment as a result of a settlement or judgment, ten percent Of  the monies received shall be paid to the Board.

(3) In this section claims for maintenance for spouses and children and related claims shall not be regarded as damages.



35. (1) If a police officer arrests a person who appears to be indigent he shall advise the person to contact the Board for assistance

(2) A Judge or Magistrate who is faced with an unrepresented person who appears to the Judge or Magistrate to be indigent may advise the person to seek legal aid   by contacting the Board.

(3) Prison officers who have been charged with the imprisonment of unrepresented indigent persons pending trial shall notify direct and assist the persons to contact the Board or legal aid provider.

    36Where the funding for legal advice and assistance is not provided by the Board, the eligibility of persons fur legal advice and assistance provided by a legal aid practitioner shall be done in accordance with me rules of the legal aid provider.

  37 (1) A legal aid provider who charges a fee for the provision of legal aid commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty million Leones or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding two years;

(2) A person   or   organisation who.

(a) Provides legal aid without being accredited; or

(b) Whose cooperation agreement with the Board has elapsed or has been terminated and who continues to provide legal aid,

Commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding thirty million leones or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years.

38. (1) Subject to this Act no legal aid provider shall, without  the approval of the legally-aided person, disclose any information received in the course of providing legal aid to that person.

 (2) The Board may terminate a cooperation agreement with a legal aid provider who contravenes subsection (I).

39. (1)  Every legal aid provider shall submit to the Board returns quarterly returns of its activities under this Act.

(2) The Board may terminate a cooperation agreement entered into with a legal aid provider who persistently fails to comply with subsection (I).

40.(1) The Board may by statutory instrument make rules or regulations for carrying out the purposes of this Act

(2) Rules or regulations made under subsection (i) may provide for


(a) The publication of the scheme under which legal aid is provided;

 (b) Procedures for the administration of legal

                        (c) Application and other forms for legal aid

                         (d) Procedures for monitoring and evaluating the provision of legal aid; and

(e) Matters to be included in the returns in section 39.


Passed   in Parliament this 10th day of May in the year of our Lord two thousand and twelve.


IBRAHIM S. SESAY, Clerk of parliament


THIS PRINTED IMPRESSION has been carefully compared by me with the Bill which has passed Parliament and found by me to be a true and correct printed copy of the said Bill.


 IBRAHIM .S. SESAY, Clerk of Parliament


res. represen16 No.6 The Legal Aid Act